Selasa, 15 Maret 2011

Adolescent pregnancy

Adolescent pregnancy in ninety-nine percent of the cases is unwanted and important consequence of adolescent sexual activity, other than sexually transmitted diseases. This problem has affected Youth families, educators, health professionals and Government officials. A study on the high school young people concluded that forty percent of men and 45% of women are sexually active. A quarter of high school students had sexual contact of fifteen years. The average age of young people is sixteen years old and seventeen a girl had sexual intercourse. Ninety percent of the young people ages fifteen through nineteen, say their pregnancy is unintended.

Four of the seventy percent of women over 14 years and 60% of women under the age of 15 years have reported to involuntary to have sex. Fifty percent of adolescent pregnancies are within six months after the first sexual intercourse. More than nine hundred thousand young people every year in the United States to get pregnant to be reported. Fifty percent of adolescent pregnancies result in live birth, thirty-five percent score in induced abortion and miscarriages or stillbirths Fourteen percent. Four of the ten adolescent women become pregnant before you twenty, at least once more. Twenty-five percent of the adolescents deliveries are not the mother of the first child. As a teenager indicates your first child birth, increases the risk of getting another child. A third of the young parents are result of adolescent pregnancies.

There are many reasons teens why early in life are sexually active. The reasons may be early puberty, poverty, sexual abuse in family and cultural patterns of early sex, drug abuse, drop out of school and poor school performance, lack of career goals, childhood, lack of attention of parents. Factors, to discourage the a young sexually active are stable family parental control, good income for a family, prayer, living relationship with parents and with full family and both parents. The factors for the consistent use of contraceptives in adolescents are responsible academic success a sustainable relationship, expectations for the future success and participation.

There are many medical risks associated with adolescent pregnancies. Young people are less than seventeen years a higher risk of developing medical complications that when compared to adult females. The risk is even more in young people under the age of 17. The weight of the child by a teenager, birth is very low in these pregnancies. It is usually below 2,5 kg. Neonatal birth rate is three times greater for young people in comparison to adults. Other problems by youth pregnancies premature birth, child, birth underweight child, poor mothers induced because of pregnancy weight gain, poor nutritional status, anemia, sexually transmitted diseases and high blood pressure.

Although an increase in the use of contraceptives by young people during their first sexual contact, said only sixty three percent of high school students, condom use during sex. Teens using prescription contraceptives, delay of your doctor visit to the time you have more than one year for sexually active.

According to a survey lived sex young people educational facilities used knowledge of contraception, abstinence, to involve Stds and youth discussions to get a clear picture, contraception and condoms effectively without an increase in sexual activity. The Center for disease control and prevention said that the youth of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases barrier contraceptive use the solution and abstinence.


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